To Virtual Tour
ALEXANDRU TZIGARA-SAMURCAŞ

Born on April 4th 1872 in Bucharest in a family of small boyars, he goes to high school in Bucharest. In 1892 he is appointed custodian of the Antiquities Museum headed by Grigore Tocilescu. In 1893 he goes to study in Germany, at the München University, with King Carol’s support and Al. Odobescu’s advices; he studies art history there. He comes back to Romania and resigns from the Antiquity Museum in order to continue his studies in France and then, again, Germany, with an interest in museography. He studies with Wilhelm von Bode, a reformer of Berlin museums.
After finishing his studies he is appointed librarian and then director of the Carol I Foundation and professor in the Art History and Aesthetics Department of the Belle Arte School in Bucharest.
On October 1st 1906, Al. Tzigara Samurcaş is appointed director of the Museum of Ethnography, National Art, Decorative Art and Industrial Art renamed, in 1915, the National Art Museum Carol I. The new museum was temporarily hosted in the building of the former state coin factory on 3, Kiseleff Avenue, on the same spot where the palace of prince Mavrogheni used to be. From the beginning, Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş bases his museum on modern, scientific bases. His acquisitions considerably increase the collections, the main attraction being the house of Antonie Mogoş from Ceauru (Gorj) exhibited inside the museum.
A never-ending fight begins for acquiring the necessary funds to raise a new building (the current building of the museum). The plans where made in collaboration with the architect N. Ghica-Budeşti. To this purpose, he writes numerous newspaper articles that will be later gathered in his book “Romanian Museography” (1936). On June 30th, 1912 the foundation of the new building was laid. The construction was many times interrupted, so the building was only ready in 1941.
As long as he was director of the Museum, Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş lead a prodigious activity in connection with his other preoccupations: director of the Carol I Fundation and professor of art history and aesthetics in Cernăuţi. He writes articles on various topics, academic books, among which the ones on popular art are very important, holds conferences on the radio or at the Athenaeum, participates in international congresses and exhibitions. Al.Tzigara-Samurcaş becomes an important name in his field.
The situation becomes worse after the Second World War when the communist authorities dismiss him from the position of Museum director. In old age, sick and overly humiliated, the Father of the Museum on the Boulevard dies on April 1st, 1952.

Horia Bernea: de la grădină la iconostas
12 august – 15 septembrie 2020




The National Museum of the Romanian Peasant hosts the exhibition Horia Bernea: from the garden to the iconostasis, commemorating 20 years since the artist passed away, untill September 15, 2020.

From the garden to the iconostasis, as Horia Bernea stated himself, he had looked for the path to set up the dialogue and the alliance with God. After going through a conceptual and abstract phase, Horia Bernea gradually returned to figurative art. He approached established genres and themes, using the tools of a painter who have not denied neither contemporary art nor tradition. He did not consider art a goal in itself, he really believed the art helped him in his spiritual survival, and sharing all the joys he experienced on his way to the truth was like a real confession.

His artistic endeavour has stood under the sign of the cross, which he has recognized, with unceasing astonishment, in all things around. Through the exhibition "The Cross", he had marked the setting up of the Romanian Peasant Museum, highlighting the Christian faith as the foundation of the Romanian village civilization and the cross as an important landmark through the contemporary times. Horia Bernea brought a new vividness in contemporary curatorship by thinking the museum as a story, placing in its centre the icon of the "peasant" and thus keeping alive the memory of the spirituality of the Romanian peasant.

The exhibition is organised by Eleon Association from Alba Iulia, with the support of the National Museum of the Romanian Peasant and in partnership with the National Museum of Contemporary Art. Most of the works were made available by kind permission of the collectors Dr. Sorin Costina, Daniel and Roxana Ghiuruțan and Doina and Constantin Xifta.

The exhibition is part of the Peasant Museum Days event, which, this year, will take place between 10 and 20 September 2020.

Opening times
Tuesday - Sunday 10 am - 6 pm
Closed on Monday

 


 




back to main page
 
closed