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Reestablished on February 5th 1990, the Romanian Peasant Museum is the continuator of a long museological tradition. In 1906 the first autonomous museum for peasant art was established. Lucky circumstances brought the art historian Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcaş as its first director. He renamed the institution the Ethnography and National Art Museum and from 1912 on, the National Art Museum. During the 40 years of Tzigara Samurcaş’ leadership the museum was in the avant-garde of European museology.

The so-called “liberation” of 1944 led to the “liberation” of the museum from its own home and its replacement with the Lenin-Stalin Museum.The National Art Museum moved, as a tenant, in Ştirbei Palace on Calea Victoriei, for 25 years and under a new name: the Popular Art Museum of the Romanian Popular/Socialist Republic. During this period, the museographers were forced to “forget” exhibiting some valuable collection pieces, especially the religious ones. However, they succeeded in increasing the heritage of the museum with three times as much objects of peasant art.

In 1978, the Popular Art Museum and the Village Museum are united in one institution. The unification mainly meant that most of collections of the Popular Art museum remained hidden in a long and unhealthy sleep until 1990 when the museum was reestablished and brought back to its home on Kiseleff no.3.

Horia Bernea: de la grădină la iconostas
12 august – 15 septembrie 2020




The National Museum of the Romanian Peasant hosts the exhibition Horia Bernea: from the garden to the iconostasis, commemorating 20 years since the artist passed away, untill September 15, 2020.

From the garden to the iconostasis, as Horia Bernea stated himself, he had looked for the path to set up the dialogue and the alliance with God. After going through a conceptual and abstract phase, Horia Bernea gradually returned to figurative art. He approached established genres and themes, using the tools of a painter who have not denied neither contemporary art nor tradition. He did not consider art a goal in itself, he really believed the art helped him in his spiritual survival, and sharing all the joys he experienced on his way to the truth was like a real confession.

His artistic endeavour has stood under the sign of the cross, which he has recognized, with unceasing astonishment, in all things around. Through the exhibition "The Cross", he had marked the setting up of the Romanian Peasant Museum, highlighting the Christian faith as the foundation of the Romanian village civilization and the cross as an important landmark through the contemporary times. Horia Bernea brought a new vividness in contemporary curatorship by thinking the museum as a story, placing in its centre the icon of the "peasant" and thus keeping alive the memory of the spirituality of the Romanian peasant.

The exhibition is organised by Eleon Association from Alba Iulia, with the support of the National Museum of the Romanian Peasant and in partnership with the National Museum of Contemporary Art. Most of the works were made available by kind permission of the collectors Dr. Sorin Costina, Daniel and Roxana Ghiuruțan and Doina and Constantin Xifta.

The exhibition is part of the Peasant Museum Days event, which, this year, will take place between 10 and 20 September 2020.

Opening times
Tuesday - Sunday 10 am - 6 pm
Closed on Monday

 


 




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