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ALEXANDRU TZIGARA-SAMURCAŞ

Born on April 4th 1872 in Bucharest in a family of small boyars, he goes to high school in Bucharest. In 1892 he is appointed custodian of the Antiquities Museum headed by Grigore Tocilescu. In 1893 he goes to study in Germany, at the München University, with King Carol’s support and Al. Odobescu’s advices; he studies art history there. He comes back to Romania and resigns from the Antiquity Museum in order to continue his studies in France and then, again, Germany, with an interest in museography. He studies with Wilhelm von Bode, a reformer of Berlin museums.
After finishing his studies he is appointed librarian and then director of the Carol I Foundation and professor in the Art History and Aesthetics Department of the Belle Arte School in Bucharest.
On October 1st 1906, Al. Tzigara Samurcaş is appointed director of the Museum of Ethnography, National Art, Decorative Art and Industrial Art renamed, in 1915, the National Art Museum Carol I. The new museum was temporarily hosted in the building of the former state coin factory on 3, Kiseleff Avenue, on the same spot where the palace of prince Mavrogheni used to be. From the beginning, Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş bases his museum on modern, scientific bases. His acquisitions considerably increase the collections, the main attraction being the house of Antonie Mogoş from Ceauru (Gorj) exhibited inside the museum.
A never-ending fight begins for acquiring the necessary funds to raise a new building (the current building of the museum). The plans where made in collaboration with the architect N. Ghica-Budeşti. To this purpose, he writes numerous newspaper articles that will be later gathered in his book “Romanian Museography” (1936). On June 30th, 1912 the foundation of the new building was laid. The construction was many times interrupted, so the building was only ready in 1941.
As long as he was director of the Museum, Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş lead a prodigious activity in connection with his other preoccupations: director of the Carol I Fundation and professor of art history and aesthetics in Cernăuţi. He writes articles on various topics, academic books, among which the ones on popular art are very important, holds conferences on the radio or at the Athenaeum, participates in international congresses and exhibitions. Al.Tzigara-Samurcaş becomes an important name in his field.
The situation becomes worse after the Second World War when the communist authorities dismiss him from the position of Museum director. In old age, sick and overly humiliated, the Father of the Museum on the Boulevard dies on April 1st, 1952.

Moșii de Arhangheli
Târg cu meșteri și anticari | 6 - 8 noiembrie 2020




Muzeul Țăranului marchează sfârșitul toamnei și ultimele zile de dulce înainte de intrarea în Postul Crăciunului invitându-și publicul la Târgul cu meșteri și anticari, Moșii de Arhangheli, unde, timp de trei zile, de vineri, 6 până duminică, 8 noiembrie 2020, de la orele 10 de dimineață până la 6 seara, 50 de meșteri, anticari și artiști vin din toată țara cu tot ce au realizat ei mai minunat peste an. Vor fi de târguit: obiecte din ceramică, țesături, icoane, podoabe, obiecte din lemn.


De-ale gurii puteți găsi: miere, prăjituri, turtă dulce, plante de leac, țuică, sucuri naturale, fructe și legume.

Vă invităm să redescoperiți frumusețea gesturilor ce stau mărturie în lucrurile meșteșugite deopotrivă de țărani, artizani și artiști.

Prețul biletului de intrare la târg: adulți - 8 lei; pensionari - 4 lei; elevi și studenți, posesori ai cardului Euro 26, în vârstă de până la 30 de ani, persoanele adulte cu handicap mediu sau ușor - 2 lei

Coordonatorii târgului: Oana Constantin și Simona Hobincu

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Sâmbătă, înainte de Hranghel, se fac moși. De Hranghel fiecare om trebuie să aprindă o lumânare care îi va fi „lumina de veci“ în lumea de dincolo. Finii merg cu colăcei la nași. Se amestecă berbecii cu oile. În acest scop se face turta areților (berbecilor) care se aruncă între oi. Dacă ea cade cu fața în sus, oilor le va merge bine. Se serbează „cu desăvârșit nelucru“. Irina Nicolau


Vă rugăm să respectați normele de distanțare și să manifestați responsabilitate față de sănătatea dumneavoastră și a celorlalți.


 

 




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